The Horn of Africa is a Sub-Region that its geopolitical importance has become a curse to it and the people in the region are unable to live in peace and harmony. In Somalia when the strongman Siad Barre was ousted in January 1991 its people and even the whole world thought that a change was going to come to Somalia.
Nevertheless, soon events started to change for the worst and the warlords of Somalia started to mess up that nation. Later Islamic Forces gradually gained strength in Somalia by promoting to end the reign of the warlords and swift return to law and order. To date the Jihadist war brought nothing momentous to Somalia except war, misery, anguish, poverty, disease and exodus. If this is going to continue as it is today, after some time the people of Somalia will be wiped out of the face of the earth by the insurgent war unless we do something urgent about it today.
Indeed, one cannot underestimate how much this prolonged national trauma has shaped the politics of contemporary Somalia. Since 1992 the international community has done its level best to bring peace to Somalia. However, the peace that the international community attempted to bring to the people of Somalia seemed not the type that the people of Somalia favored much. What kind of peace do the people of Somalia expect to have?
It seems that the people of Somalia needed peace that does not divide their nation, peace that does not change their mode of faith, belief and culture; peace that brings prosperity to all and not to a certain group of people only.
During the last twenty years the people of Somalia have suffered the most. The international community in the effort of trying to bring peace to Somalia has attempted 15 times to establish transitional governments. Some-how these governments did not bring peace to the people of Somalia nor did they last long.
The effort of the United Nations, Africa Union, the United States and Ethiopia seems to have gone down the drain just because the peace that they expected to prevail in Somalia did not bear the fruit they anticipated.
It is true that the international community has brought peace to Kosovo, Burundi, Lebanon, Haiti etc but it is unable to achieve peace in Somalia. The last twenty years despite the lives expended and resources wasted what could be the reason that the whole world failed to bring peace to Somalia?
Is it because the people of Somalia are different from the people of the rest of world or is it because the problem of Somalia is so unique that nobody is able to tackle it? Or is it because Somalia is located in the Horn of Africa, a transit point for international insurgents and that no power on earth is able to stand specially the insurgents in Somalia?
I doubt that any of the reasons above are valid enough to answer why peace could not be achieved in Somalia.
Yes it is absolutely true that situations in Somalia are complex and dynamic and hence the efforts made by the international community seem to be futile.
Now shall we give up our endeavors and leave Somalia to incinerate itself?
Not at all!
The United Nations, the last hope of mankind, has a bigger responsibility for Somalia than any of the parties that are trying to bring peace to Somalia. Efforts exerted to date by the international community, namely by the US, the Africa Union, Ethiopia and the entire international community, is quite commendable. However, the outcome in general is not to the satisfaction of the people of Somalia. Then what should be done to save Somalia?
Today President Obama has come out with a better idea for peace in the relation of nations. It looks that diplomacy, dialogue and rapprochement has precedence over other techniques of problem solving amongst nations. It also looks that as a last resort only force may be employed to advance diplomacy in certain locations of the world.
In this time of change and coexistence Somalia also deserves attention of paramount importance like it is done for Afghanistan, Pakistan the DRC etc.
The United Nations Security Counsel has to give an undivided attention to Somalia and should take it as full time work to achieve something positive for Somalia.
The people of Somalia deserve to be rescued in spite of their choice of peace. First of all, peace has to prevail in that land before we talk of anything else.
The world is sick of seeing the hungry and dying children of Somalia on its TV screens.
Robust UN Peace Enforcement and Peacekeeping Blue Burette Forces have to be deployed immediately to make a difference on that nation.
How long are we going to watch Somali women and children crying on our TV screens?
Something of a pragmatic nature has to be put in action in Somalia to bring a lasting peace to that people and land. It is not the US that has to make a policy shift on Somalia. It must be the United Nations that must make a substantial shift of policy on Somalia!
The people of Somalia have suffered enough for twenty years and it is time that the whole world say ENOUGH is ENOUGH for the suffering of the people of SOMALIA!
This time the whole world is expecting something tangible that can change Somalia for ever. Change that stops bloodshed in Mogadishu and elsewhere in Somalia.
It is true Ethiopia has a vested political and security interest on Somalia and as a good neighbor, she has done her part. The world should not expect much from Ethiopia any more. There is a fact here that we cannot deny and i.e. Ethiopia will always get involved if irredentist and Jihadist regime comes to power. Again it is true that nations have the right to choose their own system of government; however nations also should always try to live within the international norm despite their national interest.
The US has also done and is doing to this very moment all the possible good to that people and government. Again the US since the beginning of the crisis of Somalia in early nineties was not favored much by the Somali opposition forces and the Jihadists. In spite of all that the US continued supporting the people and the governments of Somalia to date.
The Jihadists and their followers have never looked at the US as a neutral party trying to help the people and the government of Somalia. Instead they have looked at the US with fear and doubt. As a result whenever a US supported TFG comes to power the Jihadists and their supporters fought that government tooth and nail. The result is what you see today in Somalia. The Islamist Court was against the Abdulahi Yusuf’s government and today the Al Qaida supported group of the Al Shebaab insurgents are against the government of Sheik Abdulkadir.
This shows the fact that whenever the US is involved in any peace initiative in Somalia the insurgents stood against that Transitional Government. Hence this time for peace to prevail in Somalia let the US and others listen to the UN and watch what will be the outcome. This does not mean that the UN can tackle the problem of Somalia alone. The UN has not its own arsenal nor a standing army. It is the nations of the world that will help the UN to achieve its goal. This should be understood very well.
The best solution to this recurrent problem is that the UN to take complete control of the Somali problem and the rest of the world to provide what is requested by the UN.
Beside that, the United Nations with the presence of all representatives from the opposition and the Transitional Government of Somalia, must arrange an International Somali Peace Initiative Conference. The Group has to sit down and listen first to the grievances of each other and later formulate its own agenda based on the needs and requirements of all the Somali National Group attending the conference and finally the same national Somali group must try to establish a sort of shadow government. I know this sounds like the preceded attempts in Somalia.
Not at all and this approach differs completely because of the following:
We talked of genocide in Rwanda and elsewhere and the UN responded to the extent possible but when it comes to Somalia it has never been considered genocide as there are no minorities in Somalia. During the last twenty years the people of Somalia are dying in hundreds and thousands but the problem is left to the regional organization the Africa Union to tackle it.
The 4,000 strong Africa Union force is unable to bring tangible peace to that land and people just because the insurgents are many, strong and very well supported by all ill-wishers to Somalia. AMISOM did not receive enough from all the concerned African nations and others. Somalia needed a 20,000-man strong force to properly control the nation and peace to prevail in the south. That number has not been achieved and will not be achieved for a while due to several factors in the AU.
It is my firm conviction that if 20,000 strong UN Force properly mandated and with a clear rule of engagement and logistical support is deployed, it can do a miracle in Somalia in a short span of time.
Parallel to that the peace initiative group has to very well study the needs and requirements of the opposition, the TGF and has to be very flexible to attract the insurgents to stay in this decisive political dialogue. Compromise and acquiescence has to be common in this dialogue so that the result could be a win-win for all groups.
By Commander Tesfaye Tadesse
Ethiopia has hydro-carbon potential. The country has five sedimentary basins - Ogaden, Gambella, Omo, Abay and Tigrai - which are believed to be promising for oil discovery. Oil seeps are noted in different areas and signs of oil and gas were in some of the exploration wells drilled in the Ogaden basin, in south-east Ethiopia.
The history of oil exploration for petroleum in Ethiopia is long. It began in the 1920s when oil seeps were reported. According to a study paper, the first oil seep in Ethiopia was reported in 1860 and by the 1920s the prolific seeps of oil in the Red Sea coast were widely known. Early reports refer to oil seeps in the Ogaden basin: in the Gara Mulatta mountains near Harrar, in the Fafan and Gerger river valleys and near Jijiga.
The first exploration license for the then Harrarge province was granted in 1915 and subsequently transferred the Anglo American company, a London subsidiary of Standard Oil company, ultimately incorporated into Esso. In 1920 this company organized a survey party, the so-called Dudley Expedition, to conduct geologic surveys in northern Harrarge between Harrar and Jijiga and the Afar depression. Two possible drilling sites were noted but the final geological report on the concession was negative and this was cancelled.
During the next decade, exploration in Ethiopia focused on the Red Sea coastal and it was not until 1936, during the Italian occupation, that systematic geological mapping of the Ogaden Basin began. This work was performed by AGIP and their records were later used by other companies in early studies of the region.
The history of oil exploration in the Ogaden basin dates back to the 1940s. The discoveries of oil in Saudi Arabia raised hope for oil discovery in the Ogaden. It is not only the proximity of the region to the Middle East that raised hope, but also the similarity of the nature and age of the sedimentary rocks in the Ogaden and the oil productive basins in the Middle East.
Sinclair Petroleum was granted an oil exploration license covering all Ethiopia in July 1945. Preliminary work on the regional geology and detailed discussions with AGIP geologists focused interest on the Ogaden region and field survey began in that area. The influence on this work of the idea that the Horn of Africa was a similar geologic province to Saudi Arabia is revealed clearly in the company’s final report. Sinclair relinquished the concession in December 1956.
Studies indicate that the source rocks in the Ogaden region had generated oil. The question is where the oil reserve is to be found. In order to find the reserve many wells have to be drilled. In the past 50 years or so only 46 wells were drilled in the region.
In March 1959 Gewerkschaft Elwerath of Germany signed a concession agreement covering the eastern Ogaden region. Geology and photography focused attention in the lower Wabishebelle area where seismic and gravity survey commenced in 1960. Based on the results of this work the first exploration well, Abred-1, was drilled in 1963. However, the well was abandoned without significant hydrocarbon shows.
In 1969 Tenneco, an American oil company, obtained an exploration license over the Ogaden basin. After conducting various surveys, Tenneco drilled the first well, El Kuran-1, in 1972. The well had continuous oil shows. A step-up well, El-Kuran-2, perhaps seeking better result, also had oil and gas shows. The company drilled other seven wells.
The third well, Calub-1, discovered a gas field. Magan-1 and Hilala-1 wells, both west of Calub-1, yielded noncommercial free oil. Tenneco relinquished the concession in 1975 in the wake of the Ethiopian revolution. The military junta expelled all western companies.
A senior petroleum expert who used to work for the Ministry of Mines and Energy told The Reporter that the results obtained from the exploration work in the Ogaden were encouraging. The Soviet Petroleum Exploration Expedition (SPEE) conducted various surveys and drilled several exploration wells. SPEE confirmed the size of the natural gas reserves in the Calub and Hilala gas fields. The data collected by SPEE is still used by other companies engaged in oil exploration projects in the region.
Two American companies, Hunt and Maxus, conducted various geological surveys in the early 1990s. In July 2005, Petronas, the Malaysian oil and gas giant, acquired three blocks in the Ogaden basin - Genale block 24,420 sq. km. Kallafo 30,612 sq.km. and Welwel-Warder 36,796 sq.km. Previously, Petronas had an exclusive study right agreement with the Ethiopian Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) in the Ogaden basin which lasted for two years. The company had upgraded the seismic data collected from the region in Kuala Lumpur. Experts of the company, in collaboration with the MME, analyzed the data. Based on their findings, Petronas selected three blocks it took in 2005. Petronas has also acquired block 15 and 11 in the Ogaden basin. Petronas won the tender put up by MME in 2005 to privatize the Calub and Hillala gas fields in the Ogaden. Petronas paid 80 million dollars to the gas fields. The natural gas reserve is estimated at 116 billion cu.m.
Petronas, started drilling the first wild cat well in the Ogaden basin in the Genale block three weeks ago. Petronas has hired an oil exploration company, Weather Ford, a British company based in Dubai. Weather Ford is contracted by Petronas to conduct seismic survey and drill exploration wells in the Ogaden basin. The exploration well is 3000 meter deep. It will take Weather Ford two and half month to finalize the drilling. The Genale block is one of the promising areas for oil discoveries in the Ogaden basin. “ We need to do more,” says a retired senior petroleum expert. “When you compare the results obtained with the exploration work done it is really encouraging. More surveys should be conducted and more wells have to be drilled. Hunt discovered oil in Yemen after it drilled 134 wells. So far in Ethiopia a total of 48 wells were drilled, 46 of them in the Ogaden and two in Gambella.”
Petronas has abandoned the Gambella block in western part of Ethiopia. The company acquired the Gambella concession, which is 16,000 sq. km. wide, in June 2003. After collecting seismic data from the region, the company drilled two wild cat wells in the block in 2006 and 2007. Unfortunately, both wells were dry (no oil inflow). Reliable sources told The Reporter that the company has now relinquished the concession.
Oil exploration is a capital-intensive work. Petronas spent 32 million dollars for the two wells drilled in Gambella-Jikaw and Jacaranda. Yet both were dry. It takes a lot of money and time for the projects to bear fruit.
By Kaleyesus Bekele
We have watched with dismay the absurd behavior of ONLF supporters and horrified by the violence carried out against an innocent man, Mohamed Sahal in Stockholm , Sweden . What is more shocking and makes this act of violence unacceptable, is that, the people who carried out this act of violence, live in the most tolerant societies where free speech and free association is enshrined in these societies constitutions. The obvious contradiction was that the ONLF and its supporters were supposedly protesting the human rights violations and extrajudicial killings done by the DDS police and Ethiopian defense forces against the Somali region's civilian population. The ONLF and its supporters were committing acts of terror and violence against any body attending the DDS-Diaspora community meetings irrespective of whether they support the government or not and any body perceived to be supporting the regional government or welcoming the DDS senior officials.Let me make it clear here; people have the right to protest freely, its protected under the freedom of speech in the societies these supporters of ONLF live. But, it was absurd to observe that they failed to recognize the same freedom of speech and freedom of association is afforded to the participants they were out to harm and terrorize.
As always, it is ONLF and its followers who have engaged in violence against those whom they consider to be the enemy "race traitors" and “Tabaqodhis” (supporters of the Somali regional state and the federal system of Ethiopia ). The ONLF and its supporters have this culture of impassioned condemnations of people opposed to their political thinking as a grave enemy, a clan traitor, someone who threatens all that is good in the world. Mohamed Sahal’s attack is a result of these sorts of demonetization campaigns. The ONLF and its members even go as far to find the home address and telephone numbers of people in the Ogaden clan opposed to their views and other prominent individuals Somalis. It has happened in the past that those who were the target of these sorts of demonetization campaigns that included publication of their home address were attacked and even killed. There is no sugar coating, these actions are pure terrorism. And the people who encourage,condone,and carry these violent actions are terrorist.Pure and simple. How are they different from other terrorist organizations who will not hesitate to kill for their ideology and will kill anyone perceived to oppose them. They will not prove your innocence, if they perceive, even if you are innocent, they will just kill you. Human life doesn't mean anything to them unless you are in their camp or espouse their ideology.
The ONLF is desperately trying to hijack the debate but the Ethiopian Embassies have done an excellent job of not allowing this small group to hijack the debate.There are serious issues and concerns that the Diaspora Community wants to share and engage with the DDS officials.This is an opportunity to have a positive engagement from both sides.But, of course the ONLF is not interested in a civil discussion of the regions Socio-economics.The ONLF has made it clear,they don't want to see any non-violent discussion of the region's socio-politics.But, there is another serious questions that needs to be asked; if the ONLF is ready to use violence in the midst of a free society, and is ready to carry this violence against innocent people like Sahal, what can we expect from the ONLF in the Somali region? Does the ONLF has any shred of credibility when it accuses regional and federal governments of committing violence against civilians when it encourages and commits the same crimes it alleges non-discriminatoley against civilians and people opposed to its ideology?
What happened in Stockholm proves that ONLF is no different from other terrorist groups.They are ready to kill and use violence against anybody,including innocent civilians.The actions of Stockholm also discredits the claims of the ONLF that Ethiopian defense forces and Somali region police forces are the ones killing innocent civilians. In Fact, It supports both government's argument that they are fighting a ruthless terrorist group, that is killing the civilian population,that is using the civilian population as a shield but is blaming on the governments for its killings.And the ONLF has acknowledged just that when its chief, Admiral Mohamed Omar admitted last week in an interview with VOA Somali Service,that its militia disperse within the population as a tactic. In other words, the ONLF uses the civilian population as a shield. My point here is, the shear force of intimidation and violence deployed by ONLF and its supporters in free societies is an example of the level of violence and killings carried by ONLF in the Somali region and should give all of us a window to take a peak into the ONLF itself.
These intimidation practices are also carried out in the Somali regional administration by the ONLF militia in the form of violence. The real objective is the same one shared by all terrorists -- to place the person in paralyzing fear. The goal is to force the individual, to be preoccupied with worry that they will be harmed or killed. The goal of the ONLF intimidation is to stop and discourage people openly opposing the ONLF. The ONLF in my view has continued to do this because it has worked for it so far. People opposed to the ONLF have continued to keep their opposition of this organization to themselves for fear of retaliation.
The Mohamed Sahal attack by ONLF and its followers, are merely a natural outgrowth of the hate-mongering which have become the staple of ONLF websites and ONLF activist NGOs. One of the most constant features of these hate fests is the singling out of some Ogaden Clan individuals who are opposed to the ONLF, accused of committing some grave crime or identified as a subversive and an enemy, and then held out as the daily target of unbridled contempt, a symbol of all that is Evil. The rhetoric of treason -- accusing individuals and organizations of supporting the Somali regional administration and the federal government of Ethiopia-- is a lit match. After all, the widely accepted penalty for traitors is execution.
The action of ONLF in Stockholm has undoubtedly made many of us sensitive to the challenge faced by the regional Somali government and the federal government combating the threat of insecurity posed by ONLF while preserving the sanctity of the law. The threat posed by armed groups who threaten the existence of the state and the safety of its citizens more often overrides the individual rights of the citizens. The protection of individual rights is not a simple task and no country has been able to do this in a fashion that has not occasioned criticism. Everyone has certainly read about the gross violations of human rights in the Somali region. But who bears the responsibility?. The violence committed against an innocent man in the halls of a free and tolerant society should give all of us a clue as to who is responsible.
I believe in having a civil dialogue, and firmly support talking to the ONLF so that the Somali region can move forward in union. But after the brutal attack of an innocent man whose crime was merely to participate the Diaspora meeting, attended by DDS officials and hear their presentation about the Somali region, I'm not sure any more whether its a good idea to talk to the ONLF. You don’t talk to a terrorist group, you fight back, and you fight back hard. In my view, the ONLF and its supporters who are fomenting and openly advocating violence merit nothing but disrespect; mockery; and, where appropriate, prosecution for inciting to kill innocent people. The Stockholm incidence explains the thinking of the ONLF and its supporters; it’s OK when their side does , wrong when the other side does.
Solving the regions many problems require the engagement of the Diaspora community and a civil discussion of the problems as well as the solution to these problems. The regional administrations attempt to engage the Diaspora community and seek their support by investing their know-how and their capital in the region, can't be hijacked by small vocal and outspoken groups. The Diaspora community has serious concerns about both the ineffectiveness of regional government and the inability of its leaders to govern. To find solution to the region's many problems, we have a responsibility to be willing to listen to one another (both regional leaders and the Diaspora concerned citizens) as well as to voice our concern and suggestions for solutions, both sides. This is not about reaching agreement of all parties, instead it is constructive engagement and building a better, prosperous future for the next generation. The regional government's efforts to engage the Diaspora community and ask the Diaspora community to play, both a constructive and productive role in the Somali region, needs to be applauded and welcomed by all of us who love the region.
The use of abusive language and violent metaphors by ONLF officials and its followers alike is unacceptable.The Diaspora Communities must confront the ONLF and must make it clear the ONLF will not force down our throat whatever their goals are. Likewise, we must make it clear that we condemn all form of language that are inflammatory, derogatory, degrading, insulting, demeaning, or advocating violence in any form or shape.
Professor Ahmed Liibaan
The views expressed in this article do not necessarily represent the views of CakaaraNews.com. The views are solely that of the author
Its historic visit or is it? The current visit of SRS officials in Europe has created quite some excitement in the Somali State Diaspora community, both the pro-government and the Opposition. Whether they are in Europe, in the Scandinavian, or in North America, the Diaspora community was engaged in a lively heated debate since the first day the SRS officials led by Abdifatah Sheikh Abdullahi, head of the ruling party SPDP, landed in Stockholm, Sweden. Before the SRS officials left the country, they were not sure what to expect from the Diaspora community. They had some serious reservation and some were even fearful of the encounter. The Diaspora community was also divided: the opposition was up in arms and even went as far as calling for their heads, while the majority was confused and didn’t know what to do. They were absorbed in self debate; whether to meet or not to meet with these officials. The majority were willing to listen but didn’t want to give the impression of supporting what some believed were irresponsible and deficient leaders. Both sides were hopeful of the encounter but didn’t have any clue how it will play out or the outcome. On the other side, were the Ethiopian embassies in Stockholm, Sweden and London, working tirelessly to host conferences and meetings between the communities and the officials without any embarrassments. The goal of the trip was first and foremost, to expose the SRS officials to both their critics and supporters. The second goal was to engage, inform and win the hearts and souls of the Diaspora community which has significant impact on the Somali regional government-socially and politically. The third goal was to open and create a doubt in the minds of the Diaspora community about the ONLF, an armed group currently engaged in the region.
As it turned out, the trip was very successful. The Diaspora community was engaged and participated beyond the expectation of both the organizing Ethiopian embassies and the visiting SRS officials. Both the SRS officials and the embassies were pleasantly surprised with the overwhelming participation, and support of the Diaspora. The Diaspora community engaged fiercely the SRS officials but their engagement were professional, and civil. They put forth their ideas and suggestion. They were critical but it was constructive criticisms. On the other side, the SRS officials were prepared. The presented the region in away the Diaspora community was not expecting. The most surprising aspect and perhaps the major reason they won the hearts and minds of the Diaspora community, was that they didn’t run away from their shortcomings. They took responsibility, they accepted blame and they didn’t always make a rosy picture of the region or exaggerate to the extent where they could undermine their credibility. In short, they didn’t back down from challenging the Diaspora community but they didn’t act innocent either. They were direct and forthright with the Diaspora community. They challenged the Diaspora community to participate in the development of the region and they accepted the challenge to govern the region wisely and effectively and grow up as leaders from petty politics.
A completely new environment emerged from this trip. The Diaspora community emerged from this experienced with new perspective and enthusiasm toward the Somali state. The SRS leaders were delighted with the experience. Their perception about the Diaspora have changed as one of them explains to me, “I had my doubts and didn’t know what to expect. But honestly, none of us imagined the kind of support, appreciation, admiration directed at us. People asked tough question but did so in a respectful manner. Waxaan dareemay ilbaxnimada dadka qurbaha jooga runtii hadaan kula kaftamo. They really care about the region and they want us to govern well, they want to support us. That is all they were asking us, which is all they were telling us, govern well, work hard for your people and wishing us do well. My thinking has changed about the Diaspora community.” Indeed, that sums up. Both sides thinking and attitude toward each other has changed. The same was true about the participants from the Diaspora side. Their attitude has changed as demonstrated by one of the participants of the London meeting explained to me this way. “My expectation was not great initially and I was very reserved. But I warmed up to them in the question and answer session. They were honest and truthful in their answers. They didn’t pretend things that didn’t exist. I think they knew that people were aware of what was going on in the region so they didn’t try to exaggerate things. Abdifatah looked presidential in my opinion. He appears very smart and intelligent. He was very eloquent in his presentation. He looked a real leader in my eyes and it gave me reassurance about the region. After all they are not all terrible or horrible whatever you want to call them. Cabdi Iley didn’t appear as eloquent in his talking but he appeared honest and truthful. He appears some who is nationalist, someone who really cares about the region and is ready to whatever is necessary to fight those causing insecurity in the region. He doesn’t appear to be an apologist to the ONLF or its supporters and I liked that. To me, I didn’t see what I read about him who was someone who is crazy, blood thirsty or murderer. The only thing perhaps I sensed was may be someone who doesn’t deliberate often on his decisions ama fudayd yar.”
There was one obvious looser in this trip, the ONLF and its supporters. They miscalculated initially and widely over reacted in Stockholm. Their attack on an innocent participant in the first meeting in Stockholm generated a great deal of debate, controversy and condemnation. It emboldened many and discredited the ONLF and its supporters in the eyes of many. In other words, it turned off many. The Ethiopian embassies also shut off the ONLF and its supporters and completely neutralized whatever impact they would have in the discussion. A telling story was the 20 or so ONLF supporters demonstrating in front of the Ethiopian embassy in London and the more than 300 people who flocked to the embassy to participate in the meetings. It was very clear that after the Stockholm incident, very few ONLF supporter and sympathizers wanted to participate or engage in demonstration. This was very surprising and was contrary to the expectation of many including the SRS officials who feared some ugly scenes out of the ONLF camp.
There is no question the SRS official’s trip to Europe was beyond successful. It has achieved more than the desired goals and it has opened the channels of communication. It has also given a much needed good will and unexpected support to the SRS government at the moment. It is not a vote of confidence but it has given the SRS officials and the Da’ud administration a much needed window in which they can cultivate the trust and earn the confidence of the Diaspora community to fully participate and peacefully engage the development of the Somali regional state. What is to be seen is whether this was a one time public relation on the part of the SRS and whether they are seriously willing to govern and govern effectively. The Somali Diaspora communities have higher standard for governing because of their experience living in well governed societies and will most likely deploy a show me first attitude. They will need convincing and it will take time before they flock into the region and invest their hard earned money, but, I believe, the first obstacle of suspicion has been broken. This was a great idea from the Da’ud administration, a decision which took gut and determination. But, it should be an opportunity not wasted. The Da’ud administration should continue this marketing of the region to the Diaspora community, but, above all, it should do the hard part-governing, and governing effectively. That will be the ultimate marketing of the region to the Diaspora community, and the best tool to fight and disband the opposition.
The views expressed in this article do not necessarily represent the views of CakaaraNews.com, nor the source. The views are solely that of the author
Safarka Madaxda Kasocota dawlada DDS iyo booqashadooda Jaaliyada dibada waa fikir wanaagsan oo ubaahan in Jaaliyada dibaduhu soo dhaweeyaan.Jaaliyada ka soojeeda dawlada Ismaamulka Somalida Itoobiya ayaa waxay ku nooliyihiin dhamaan wadamada Yurub,Waqooyiga America, Wadanka Australia, wadamada Khaliijka iyo wadamo badan oo ku yaala Bariga fog.Inkasta oo Jaaliyadaha ka soojeeda deegaanka Somalida Itoobiya ay ku firirsanyihiin dhamaan qaaradaha aduunka, hadana waxay ku badan yihiin wadamada Yurub iyo Waqooyiga America. Safarkan Madaxda dawlada DDS ay ku booqanayso Jaaliyada dibada ayaa ah kii ugu horeeyay.Safarkan madaxda ayaa ujeedadiisu tahay warbixinta deegaanka dhinac dhaqaale, siyaasad, nolol bulsho, nabadgalyo, dhinac caafimaad, dhinac waxbarasho iyo fursadaha jaaliyada dibadu ay ku maalgashankarto dhamaan qaybahaas kor kuxusan. Waxaa kaloo warbixintan wehelisa baaq dawlada DDS ay jaaliyada dibada kaga codsanayso siday uga qayb qaadan lahaayeen horumarka deegaanka iyo xasiloodina nabadgalyada.
Safarkan Madaxda Sare ee DDS ayaa waxaa si diiran usoodhaweeyay jaaliyada dibada qayb ka mid ah iyaga oo ku tilmaamay inay tahay wax loobaahnaa mar hore inay dawlada DDS ku dhaqaaqdo.Sidoo kale, waxaa safarkan canbaareeyay taageerayaasha Jabhada ONLF. Taageerayaasha ONLF ayaa waxay ku eedaynayaan madaxda dawlada DDS xadgudub xuquuqda aadamiga, dil, iyo xiray dadka shacabka ah.Taageerayaasha ONLF ayaa waxay ku dhaqaaqeen abaabul lagu banaanbaxo kulamada madaxdan iyo jaaliyada dibada ama lagaga horyimaado lakulanka mas’uuliyiintan jaaliyada dibada. Inkasta oo jaaliyada dibada ay ku kalaqaybsantahay soobooqashada madaxda DDS Jaaliyada dibada, hadana waxaa haboon in jaaliyada dibada ay sidiiran usoodhawayso madaxdan usoosafartay lakulanka jaaliyada.Jaaliyadu waa inay ogaato inay tahay ilbaxii wadanka u maqnaa iyo inay muujiso xadaarada dulqaad iyo soodhawaynta fikirka kaladuwan ee sida wayn looga qadariyo bulshooyinka ay kunoolyihiin.
Marka koowaad, Jaaliyada dibada waa inay dhageystaan warbixinta guud ee deegaanka. Madaxdan ayaa waxay wadaan warbixin dhinackasta oo deegaanka taabanaysa.Warbixinta kadib ayaa waxaa loobaahanyahay in jaaliyada dibada ay ka dhiibtaan araadooda iyo dhaliilahooda ku saabsan warbixinta lasiiyay oo iskugu jiri doonta maqal iyo muuqaal.Waxaa loobaahanyahay in jaaliyada dibada laga helo firfircooni fakir, dood maskaxaysan, fikir horumarineed iyo ilbaxnimo tixgelin fikirada kala duwan maadaama deegaanka Soomaliyeed ay ku noolyihiin bulsho wayn iyo qoomiyado aan Soomali ahayn.Waxaa sidoo kale jaaliyada dibada looga baahanyahay in dhaliilahooda ku wajahan dawlada DDS iyo Dawlada Itoobiya ay u dhiibtaan si cilmi iyo aqooni ka dambayso, tixgelin madaxda usoosafartay ee martida u ah iyo fikir xanbaarsan aqooncelin iyo aqoon kubiiris ee aysan noqon mid xanbaarsan xanaaq iyo cadho aan waxba dooda kusoobiirinaynin iyo fikir gaaban oo u adeegaya kooxaha ujeedada goonida wata.
Marka labaad, Jaaliyadaha kasoojeeda Ismaamulada kale ee Itoobiya waxay noqdeen jaaliyado qayb wayn kaqaatay horumarka dhulkooda iyo kobcinta dhamaan ilaha bulshadooda. Jaaliyadaha kasoojeeda qoomiyadaha kale ee Itoobiya waxaa la oran karaa waxay kasoobaxeen kaalintoodii aqoon, maalgashi dhulkooda dhinac dhaqaale iyo mid aqooneed. Nasiiib daro, jaaliyada dibada ee deegaanka Somalida waxay ka gaabiyeen kaalintoodii maalgashi iyo aqoon celin deegaanka. Safarkan ayaa waxuu fursad wayn siinayaa bulshawaynta dibada inay helaan warbixin faahfaahsan siday uga faaidaysan lahaayeen maalgashiga wadankooda, aqoon ku soocelinta dhulkooda iyo ka qaybqaadashada horumarka wadanka.Waxaa jaaliyada dibada looga baahanyahay inay laqaybsadaan wafdigan dawlada DDS fikir caafimaad qaba iyo aqoon aragtiyeed talaabooyinka ay jeclaanlahaayeen iyo waxa looga baahanyahay xukuumada inay hirgaliso oo kalsooni galin kara maalgashiga iyo aqoon celinta jaaliyada wadankooda.Waxaa hubaal ah hadii jaaliyada deegaanka iyo dawlada DDS ay iskaashadaan, dawladu jaaliyada u dhibyarayso maalgashida deegaanka iyo nidaamka deegaanka oo lasaxo si ay kalsooni usiiso dadka raba inay maalgashiga sameeyaan iyo jaaliyada dibada oo si daacad oon musuqmaasuq lahayn u maalgashada dhulkooda.
Marka sedexaad, wafdigan waxay u socdaan jaaliyada dibada een taageersanayn Jabhada ONLF. Siyaasada Qabiiliga ee lagu hoosgabin hayo ka gooninoqoshada Itoobiya iyo xornimo raadis ayaa ah midaan meelnaba kasoogalaynin dawlada deegaanka Soomaliyeed iyo nidaamka siyaasada ee hada deegaanka kajirta. ONLF iyo inta taageerta ma aha kuwo lagalawadahadlayo horumarka iyo maalgashiga deegaanka; waxay ku dhawaaqeen ladagaalanka horumarka deegaanka. ONLF waa kuwa laynaya aqoonyahanka deegaanka, Engineerada ku mashquulsan dhisida wadanka, waa kuwa laynaya macalimiinta waxbaraysa caruurta mustaqbalka, waa kuwa laynaya shaqaalaha deegaanka ee ku howlan horumarinta wadankooda iyo waxqabadka umadooda, ONLF waxay ku doorsatay horumarka deegaanka horumar la’aan ay borobagaandada qaaxooti raadis iyo dhaqaale aruuris ay kula dhexsocoto ama kulanooshahay bulshooyin horumar iyo ilbaxnimo samaystay. Wafdigan waa inaysan dheg u dhigin ONLF iyo inta taageersan, waa koox qaylo dheer, waa koox ku takhasustay beenta iyo gadista dhulkooda iyo shacabkooda, waa koox qaaxootinimo ku faanta oo ilbaxnimo ka dhigatay, waa koox mayag adag , waa koox siyaasad qabiil kusalaysan lacabsiiyay, waa koox dawladnimadii qaxooti ka doortay, waa koox ku heshiinwayday urur yar ooy samaysteen hadana raba inay kaadhaadhiciyaan inay xukunsuuban,midnimo shacab iyo xornimo keenis kartideeda leeyihiin. ONLF iyo inta huwan mabda’eeda waa dad dhulka burburintiisa mooyee dhisidiisa aan rabin lagalana tashanaynin, danta siyaasadooda waxay ku jirtaa horumar la’aanta, jahliga iyo qabiilka.Wafdigan yaysan wakhti ku dhumin lakulanka kooxdan iyo inta maanhabaabiyeen. Hadaan nahay jaaliyada dhabta ah ee jecel horumarka wadanka (DDS), maalgashiga iyo ka qaybqaadashada horumarka wadanka, hadaan nahay wadaniga dhabta ah, wafdigu hanala qaybsado waxbixin sax, wadatashi daacad ah, iyo balanqaad aan kanoqosho lahayn oo lagu saxayo nidaam xumida kajirta hada deegaanka, ladagaalanka musuqmaasuqa, iyo talaabooyin kalsooni galin. Jaaliyada dibada waxay ka sugaysaa wafdigan iyo dawlada DDS in xoolaha ay maalgashtaan wadanka uusan noqon xoolo dhacmay, nidaaamka siyaasadeed ee deegaankuna uusan carqalad kunoqon waxsoosaarka maalgashiga jaaliyada dibada iyo mid sababa xirxirista iyo xadgudub lagu xadgudbo ganacsatada ka sooxaroota dibada.Safarkan waxuu faaiido uyahay dawlada DDS iyo jaaliyada dibada ee horumarka wadanka jecel,waa wadaniga dhabta ah ee deegaanka.Sidoo kale,safarkan ayaa dhaawac wayn ku ah ONLF iyo inta ay adeegsato ee wadanka maqalkiisa mooyee,muqaalkiisa aan arag.
Habiib Ali "Mataan"
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